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Influence of a spray-dried fat enriched with EPA and DHA on the fatty acid composition of sow milk

Mariola Grez, Mónica Gandarillas, Fernando González, Einar Vargas-Bello-Pérez

Abstract


Supplementation with eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids (EPA and DHA) through the addition of fish oils to mammal diets during lactation benefits milk production, litter growth and the litter immune system, but there is little evidence supporting the use of oils that have been dried using a spray-drying method designed to cool and crystalize fat particles. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a spray-dried dietary fat enriched with EPA and DHA on the fatty acid composition of sow milk. Fifteen pregnant sows were assigned to three dietary treatments from day 100 of gestation until weaning (day 28). Control sows (CONT) were fed an unsupplemented basal diet, and supplemented sows were fed the basal diet plus 20 g (FOPF20) or 40 g (FOPF40) of a spray-dried powdered fat enriched with EPA and DHA. Milk and colostrum compositions and milk yield were similar among diets, and the main milk fatty acids (FA) were C14:0, C16:0, C18:0, C18:1 n-9 and C18:2 n-6. Supplementation with EPA and DHA (FOPF20 and FOPF40) decreased the saturated FA contents and increased the amount of polyunsaturated FA. In summary, the results indicated that supplementing sow diets with EPA and DHA could decrease the saturated fatty acid content and increase the polyunsaturated fatty acid content of milk.

 

El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el efecto de fuentes dietarias enriquecidas con EPA y DHA (Ácidos eicosapentaenoico y docosahexaenoico) sobre el perfil de ácidos grasos de leche de cerda. Quince cerdas preñadas fueron repartidas en tres tratamientos desde el día 100 de gestación hasta el destete de lechones (día 28). Las cerdas del grupo control (CONT) fueron alimentadas con una dieta basal sin suplemento de EPA y DHA. Las cerdas alimentadas con dietas suplementadas recibieron una dieta basal con 20 g (FOPF20) o 40 g (FOPF40) de grasa en polvo enriquecida con EPA y DHA. La composición de leche y calostro y la producción de leche de las cerdas fueron similares entre tratamientos. Los principales ácidos grasos en leche fueron: C14:0, C16:0, C18:0, C18:1 n-9 y C18:2 n-6. La suplementación con EPA y DHA (FOPF20 y FOPF40) disminuyó el contenido de ácidos grasos saturados e incrementó poliinsaturados. En resumen, los resultados indicaron que la suplementación de dietas de cerdas con EPA y DHA puede disminuir el contenido de ácidos grasos saturados e incrementar contenido de ácidos grasos poliinsaturados.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/rcia.v43i3.1724